How to Add Columns In Hadoop?

10 minutes read

To add columns in Hadoop, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Identify the type of file or data format you are working with, such as CSV or JSON.
  2. Use a suitable tool or programming language like Hive, Pig, or Spark to process and manipulate the data in Hadoop.
  3. Read the data into Hadoop using the appropriate input format for your chosen tool. For example, if you are using Hive, you can create an external table to read the data from Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
  4. Use the relevant functions or commands provided by your tool to add columns to the data. This could involve parsing the existing data, performing calculations, or combining multiple columns.
  5. Define the schema or structure of the new columns, specifying their data types, names, and positions.
  6. Apply the transformation or modification to the data, ensuring that the added columns are populated correctly.
  7. Save the updated data back into HDFS or any other storage system connected to Hadoop.


By following these steps, you can add columns to your data in Hadoop and effectively manage and analyze the updated dataset.

Best Apache Hadoop Books to Read in 2024

1
Apache Hadoop YARN: Moving beyond MapReduce and Batch Processing with Apache Hadoop 2 (AddisonWesley Data & Analytics) (Addison-Wesley Data and Analytics)

Rating is 5 out of 5

Apache Hadoop YARN: Moving beyond MapReduce and Batch Processing with Apache Hadoop 2 (AddisonWesley Data & Analytics) (Addison-Wesley Data and Analytics)

2
Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-wesley Data & Analytics Series)

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Hadoop 2 Quick-Start Guide: Learn the Essentials of Big Data Computing in the Apache Hadoop 2 Ecosystem (Addison-wesley Data & Analytics Series)

3
Pro Apache Hadoop

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Pro Apache Hadoop

4
Apache Hadoop 3 Quick Start Guide: Learn about big data processing and analytics

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

Apache Hadoop 3 Quick Start Guide: Learn about big data processing and analytics

5
Mastering Apache Hadoop: A Comprehensive Guide to Learn Apache Hadoop

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

Mastering Apache Hadoop: A Comprehensive Guide to Learn Apache Hadoop

6
Hadoop 2.x Administration Cookbook: Administer and maintain large Apache Hadoop clusters

Rating is 4.5 out of 5

Hadoop 2.x Administration Cookbook: Administer and maintain large Apache Hadoop clusters

7
Getting Started with Impala: Interactive SQL for Apache Hadoop

Rating is 4.4 out of 5

Getting Started with Impala: Interactive SQL for Apache Hadoop

8
Top 50 Apache Hadoop Interview Questions and Answers

Rating is 4.3 out of 5

Top 50 Apache Hadoop Interview Questions and Answers


How to add columns in Hadoop using Oozie?

To add columns in Hadoop using Oozie, you can follow these steps:

  1. Start by creating a new Oozie workflow XML file.
  2. Define a coordinator and specify the interval at which the workflow should run.
  3. Define a workflow and specify the actions to be performed.
  4. In the workflow, add a Hive action to create a new table with the required columns.
  5. Specify the input and output directories for the Hive action.
  6. Define the Hive script that will be executed by the action to create the table.
  7. In the Hive script, specify the columns to be added to the table.
  8. Define any additional parameters or arguments required for the Hive action.
  9. Save the Oozie workflow XML file.
  10. Submit the Oozie workflow to the Oozie server.


Oozie will then execute the Hive action according to the specified interval in the coordinator and create a new table with the added columns.


How to add columns in Hadoop using Flink?

To add columns in Hadoop using Apache Flink, you can follow these steps:

  1. First, you need to create a Flink DataStream by connecting to your Hadoop cluster:
1
2
StreamExecutionEnvironment env = StreamExecutionEnvironment.getExecutionEnvironment();
DataStream<String> input = env.readTextFile("<Hadoop file path>");


  1. Next, you can use Flink transformations to modify the data stream and add columns. For example, you can use the map() or flatMap() function to add columns to each record in the data stream.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DataStream<String> output = input.map(new MapFunction<String, String>() {
    @Override
    public String map(String value) throws Exception {
        // Add columns to the record
        String newRecord = value + ",newColumn1,newColumn2";
        return newRecord;
    }
});


  1. Now, you can write the modified data stream back to Hadoop by using a suitable sink function. For example, you can use the writeAsText() function to write the data stream to a text file.
1
output.writeAsText("<Output path in Hadoop>");


  1. Finally, you need to execute the Flink job to process the data.
1
env.execute("Add Columns to Hadoop Data");


This will read the input file from Hadoop, add columns to each record, and write the modified data stream back to Hadoop.


How to add columns in Hadoop using HBase?

To add columns in Hadoop using HBase, you can follow these steps:

  1. Start HBase: Ensure that HBase is running on your Hadoop cluster.
  2. Connect to HBase: Use the HBase shell command to connect to HBase. Execute the following command in the terminal: $ hbase shell
  3. Choose a table: Select the HBase table to which you want to add columns. Use the following command to select a table: hbase(main):001:0> use 'your_table_name'
  4. Disable the table: If the table is enabled (i.e., online), it needs to be disabled before adding columns. Execute the following command to disable the table: hbase(main):002:0> disable 'your_table_name'
  5. Add columns: Use the 'alter' command to add columns to the table. Specify the column family and column name for each new column. Execute the following command to add columns: hbase(main):003:0> alter 'your_table_name', {NAME => 'column_family_name', VERSIONS => 1}, 'column_name1', 'column_name2' Replace 'your_table_name' with the actual name of your table, 'column_family_name' with the desired column family name, and 'column_name1', 'column_name2', etc., with the names of the new columns you want to add.
  6. Enable the table: Once the columns have been added, you can enable the table again. Execute the following command to enable the table: hbase(main):004:0> enable 'your_table_name'
  7. Verify the columns: You can verify that the columns have been added successfully by describing the table. Execute the following command to describe the table: hbase(main):005:0> describe 'your_table_name' This will display the structure of the table, including the newly added columns.


That's it! You have successfully added columns to your HBase table in Hadoop.


How to add columns in Hadoop using Kylin?

To add columns in Hadoop using Kylin, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. Connect to Kylin cubes using SQL tools like Apache Kylin’s Web UI or Apache Kylin’s JDBC driver.
  2. Select the cube you want to modify.
  3. Go to the "Cube Designer" tab and click on the "Edit" button to modify the cube structure.
  4. In the "Dimensions" section, click on the "+" button to add a new column.
  5. Provide the necessary details for the new column, including its name, data type, and optional settings like encoding and dictionary.
  6. In the "Measures" section, click on the "+" button to add a new measure column.
  7. Provide the necessary details for the new measure column, including its name, data type, aggregation function, and optional settings like encoding and dictionary.
  8. Click on the "Save" button to save the changes to the cube structure.
  9. After saving the changes, you need to build the cube to reflect the modifications.
  10. Go to the "Jobs" tab and click on the "Build" button to trigger the cube build process. This process will aggregate and pre-calculate the data for the new columns.
  11. Monitor the build progress from the job status page.
  12. Once the build is completed, the new columns will be available for querying and analysis in Kylin.


By following these steps, you can add columns in Hadoop using Kylin and utilize them for further processing and analysis.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Telegram Whatsapp

Related Posts:

To start Hadoop in Linux, you need to follow these steps:Download and extract Hadoop: Visit the Apache Hadoop website and download the latest stable release of Hadoop. Extract the downloaded tarball to a directory of your choice. Configure Hadoop: Go to the ex...
To check the file size in Hadoop, you can use the following steps:Open the Hadoop command-line interface or SSH into the machine where Hadoop is installed. Use the hadoop fs -ls command to list all the files and directories in the desired Hadoop directory. For...
To list the files in Hadoop, you can use the Hadoop command-line interface (CLI) or Java API. Here&#39;s how you can do it:Hadoop CLI: Open your terminal and execute the following command: hadoop fs -ls Replace with the path of the directory whose files you w...
To change the default block size in Hadoop, you need to modify the Hadoop configuration file called &#34;hdfs-site.xml.&#34; This file contains the configuration settings for Hadoop&#39;s Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).Locate the &#34;hdfs-site.xml&#34;...
To connect Hadoop with Python, you can utilize the Hadoop Streaming API. Hadoop Streaming allows you to write MapReduce programs in any programming language, including Python.Here are the steps to connect Hadoop with Python:Install Hadoop: Begin by installing ...
Adding users in Hadoop involves a few steps, which are as follows:Create a user account: Begin by creating a user account on the Hadoop system. This can be done using the standard user creation commands for the operating system on which Hadoop is installed. Cr...