How to Publish WordPress on VPS?

10 minutes read

To publish WordPress on a Virtual Private Server (VPS), you need to follow several steps:

  1. Choose a VPS provider: Select a VPS hosting provider that suits your needs and budget. Popular options include DigitalOcean, Linode, and Vultr.
  2. Set up a VPS: Create a new VPS instance with your chosen provider. This typically involves selecting a server location, operating system, and server size.
  3. Install an operating system: Configure the VPS by installing an operating system of your choice, such as Ubuntu or CentOS. Follow the provider's instructions for this step.
  4. Connect to your VPS: Use secure shell (SSH) to connect to your VPS server. You will receive an IP address, username, and password from your provider to establish the SSH connection.
  5. Update the server: Update the server's software packages and repositories to ensure it is up to date. This helps improve security and ensures compatibility with WordPress.
  6. Install web server software: Install a web server software like Apache or Nginx on your VPS. Configure the server to listen to incoming requests and direct them to the appropriate website files.
  7. Install PHP: WordPress relies on PHP, so install the PHP programming language and necessary extensions on your VPS. This allows the server to interpret and run PHP scripts.
  8. Create a database: Set up a MySQL or MariaDB database where WordPress will store its content. This database will need to be accessed by the WordPress installation later.
  9. Download and configure WordPress: Download the latest version of WordPress from the official website. Extract the files and configure the wp-config.php file to connect to the previously created database.
  10. Upload WordPress files: Use FTP (File Transfer Protocol) or SFTP (Secure FTP) to upload the WordPress files to your VPS. Place them in the desired directory where your website will be accessed from.
  11. Configure domains: If you have a domain name, configure the DNS settings to point to your VPS IP address. This ensures that users can access your WordPress site via your desired domain.
  12. Complete the installation: Access your VPS IP address or domain name in a web browser. Follow the WordPress installation wizard to complete the setup, which includes creating an administrative user and setting website details.
  13. Configure security: Improve the security of your WordPress site by installing security plugins, enforcing strong passwords, and regularly updating WordPress and its plugins.
  14. Install additional plugins and themes: Enhance the functionality and design of your WordPress site by installing plugins and themes according to your requirements.
  15. Regular maintenance: Perform regular backups, update WordPress and its plugins, and monitor your VPS's performance to ensure a smooth and secure experience for your visitors.

Remember, publishing WordPress on a VPS requires some technical knowledge, so it may be helpful to refer to specific tutorials or seek assistance from professionals if needed.

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How to troubleshoot common issues with a WordPress VPS?

Troubleshooting common issues with a WordPress VPS involves diagnosing and resolving problems related to performance, security, and functionality. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you troubleshoot these issues:

  1. Identify the issue: Start by understanding the symptoms and the specific problem you are experiencing. Check error messages, logs, or any other indicators that can help you pinpoint the issue.
  2. Confirm server requirements: Ensure that your VPS meets the minimum server requirements for running WordPress. Check the versions of PHP, MySQL, Apache/Nginx, and the necessary extensions.
  3. Test connectivity and network: Verify that your VPS has an active and stable internet connection. Use tools like ping or traceroute to test connectivity to your server and ensure there are no network issues.
  4. Check server resources: Monitor your server's resource utilization, including CPU, memory, and disk usage. High resource consumption can cause performance issues. Use monitoring tools or SSH commands to identify any resource bottlenecks.
  5. Update WordPress and plugins: Make sure you are running the latest version of WordPress and regularly update your plugins and themes. Outdated versions can introduce security vulnerabilities or compatibility issues.
  6. Troubleshoot plugins and themes: If you experience issues after updating or installing a plugin/theme, temporarily deactivate them one by one to identify the problematic one. Check for any reported conflicts or incompatibilities with other plugins.
  7. Analyze error logs: WordPress generates error logs that can help you identify the root cause of issues. Check the error log files, usually located in the wp-content directory or provided by your server configuration, to identify any specific errors or warnings.
  8. Test with a default theme: Switch to a default WordPress theme (e.g., Twenty Twenty-One) temporarily to determine if the issue is related to your current theme. If the issue disappears, the theme might be causing the problem, and you should investigate further or contact the theme's developer.
  9. Investigate security vulnerabilities: Run a security scan using plugins like Wordfence or Sucuri to detect any malware, compromised files, or vulnerabilities. Improve website security by strengthening passwords, implementing two-factor authentication, and ensuring regular backups.
  10. Optimize performance: Optimize your WordPress website for better performance by utilizing caching plugins, optimizing images, minimizing the use of excessive plugins, and enabling server-level caching techniques like Opcode or Memcached.
  11. Consult with your web hosting provider: If you are unable to resolve the issue on your own, reach out to your hosting provider's support team. They can assist with any server-related problems or suggest advanced troubleshooting steps.

Remember to backup your website and database before making any major changes or troubleshooting steps, as it ensures you can revert back if anything goes wrong.

What are the recommended server requirements for WordPress on a VPS?

The recommended server requirements for running WordPress on a VPS (Virtual Private Server) can vary depending on the size and complexity of your website, as well as the amount of traffic you expect to receive. However, here are some general guidelines:

  1. CPU: A dual-core processor or higher is recommended to handle the processing demands of WordPress.
  2. RAM: At least 2GB of RAM is recommended. However, if you expect high traffic or have a complex website, you might need more RAM.
  3. Storage: WordPress itself does not require much storage, but your storage needs will depend on the size of your website and any media files you upload. A minimum of 20GB of storage is generally recommended.
  4. Bandwidth: Ensure your VPS plan offers sufficient bandwidth to handle your expected website traffic. Consider any additional services (such as email) that may also require bandwidth.
  5. Operating System: WordPress can run on both Linux and Windows servers. However, Linux-based servers are generally recommended due to their reliability, security, and support for PHP and MySQL, which are the technologies WordPress is built upon.
  6. Web server: Apache or Nginx are commonly used web servers for WordPress. Both are reliable choices, but Nginx is known for its performance and ability to handle high traffic.
  7. Database: WordPress uses MySQL as its database management system. Ensure your VPS has MySQL installed and sufficient resources allocated to handle the database workload.
  8. PHP version: Ensure that the VPS supports a recent version of PHP (preferable PHP 7 or higher) to ensure the best performance and security.
  9. SSL support: Consider implementing SSL certificates to encrypt user data and enhance website security. Ensure your VPS plan supports SSL.

It's important to note that these are general recommendations, and the specific requirements for your WordPress site may vary. It's always a good idea to consult with your hosting provider or a system administrator to ensure your VPS meets the necessary requirements.

What is the difference between shared hosting and a VPS?

Shared hosting and a VPS (Virtual Private Server) are two different types of web hosting options. Here are the key differences between them:

  1. Server Environment: In shared hosting, multiple websites are hosted on a single physical server, where all the resources (such as CPU, RAM, disk space, etc.) are shared among the hosted websites. Whereas, in VPS hosting, a physical server is divided into multiple virtual servers, each allocated with dedicated resources. This ensures that the resources are not shared, providing better performance and reliability.
  2. Performance and Scalability: Shared hosting is usually cost-effective but can have limitations on performance, as the resources are shared among all the websites hosted on the server. On the other hand, VPS hosting offers better performance since the allocated resources are dedicated to your website, allowing it to handle higher traffic and accommodate more resource-demanding applications.
  3. Control and Customization: Shared hosting typically provides limited control and customization options as the server environment is managed by the hosting provider. VPS hosting, on the other hand, offers more control as you have root access to your virtual server. This enables you to install custom software, configure server settings, and have more flexibility in managing your website.
  4. Security and Isolation: Shared hosting lacks isolation between websites. If one website on the shared server experiences security issues or high resource utilization, it can potentially impact the performance and security of other websites on the same server. In contrast, VPS hosting provides better security and isolation since each virtual server operates independently, minimizing the risk of cross-website vulnerabilities.
  5. Cost: Shared hosting is generally cheaper as the cost of the physical server is distributed among multiple users. VPS hosting tends to be more expensive as you are allocated dedicated resources. The cost of VPS can vary depending on the amount of resources you require.

In summary, shared hosting is a cost-effective option suitable for small websites with moderate traffic, whereas a VPS provides better performance, control, security, and scalability, making it ideal for medium to large websites or resource-intensive applications.

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